List of Prisoner of War Camps in Canada
Internment camps were initially identified by a Letter designation (example “R” referred to the camp at Red Rock, Ontario) but these were eventually replaced by a number (example, Camp 132 at Medicine Hat, Alberta). The number of the camp referred to the Military District it was located in (Alberta was Military District 13 so all internment camps in Alberta had a “13” prefix) with an additional digit to differentiate it from others.
EMS: Enemy Merchant Seamen
ORs: Other Ranks
|Number||Letter||Location||Dates of Operation||Type of Prisoners|
|–||L||Cove Fields, Quebec||1940||Civilians|
|–||R||Red Rock, Ontario||1940-1941||Civilians, EMS|
|10*||–||Chatham, Ontario||1944-1946||EMS, Officers, and ORs|
|20||C||Gravenhurst, Ontario||1940-1946||Officers and ORs|
|22||M||New Toronto, Ontario||1940-1944||EMS and Civilians|
|30||–||Bowmanville, Ontario||1941-1945||Officers and ORs|
|31||F||Kingston, Ontario||1940-1943||EMS and Civilians|
|32||–||Hull, Quebec||1941-1947||EMS, Civilians, and ORs|
|33||P||Petawawa, Ontario||1939-1946||EMS and ORs|
|40||A||Farnham, Quebec||1940-1946||EMS, Civilians, Officers, and ORs|
|42||N||Sherbrooke, Quebec||1940-1946||EMS and Civilians|
|43||S||St. Helen’s Island, Quebec||1940-1943||Italian Civilians|
|44||–||Grande Ligne, Quebec||1943-1946||Officers and ORs|
|45||–||Sorel, Quebec||1945-1946||Officers and ORs|
|70||B||Fredericton, New Brunswick||1940-1945||Civilians|
|100||W||Neys, Ontario||1941-1946||EMS, Civilians, and ORs|
|101||X||Angler, Ontario||1941-1946||Japanese Civilians and ORs|
|130||K||Seebe, Alberta||1939-1946||EMS, Civilians, Officers, and ORs|
|132||–||Medicine Hat, Alberta||1943-1946||ORs|
|133||–||Lethbridge, Alberta||1942-1946||Japanese Civilians and ORs|
|135||–||Wainwright, Alberta||1944-1946||Officers and ORs|
* – Camp 10 at Chatham, Ontario relocated to Fingal, Ontario.
** – Camp 133 at Ozada, Alberta was a temporary camp and was replaced by Camp 133 at Lethbridge, Alberta.
Note: If you don’t see the camp you are looking for on this list, it is most likely due to the fact that you are looking for a PoW Labour Project rather than an Internment Camp. To learn more about Labour Projects, please click here.